July 01, 2013
NRA Conventional Pistol or bullseye pistol competition was always about shooting iron-sighted pistols and revolvers until a couple decades ago when the NRA changed the rules to allow non-magnified optics. Suddenly, everyone was running red dots on their .22 and centerfire target pistols.
The advantage of a red dot over iron sights for older people like myself with poor eyesight is that we are no longer required to focus on the front sight to shoot good groups. Shooters who would have retired from competition in their '50s are shooting into their '70s. Eyesight is no longer an issue.
Mounting a scope rail to the 1911 slide isn't difficult, but you have to pay careful attention to locating the screw holes. I use the rail from Clark Custom Guns. Machined from aluminum, it is attached with four 6-40 socket head cap screws and provides a clean, low profile installation.
We begin our installation by removing the iron sights from the Springfield Armory slide. We also want to remove the firing pin and firing pin spring, since we'll be drilling into the firing pin tunnel. Clamp the slide in the mill vise and level it. The rail has a taper, so I set the rail on the slide and level it with a machinist's level.
With an edge finder, we center our spindle directly over the muzzle end of the slide and zero our X and Y axis. Clark does not provide a drawing of the rail showing the distance center to center between the four screw holes so we'll have to measure it.
Attaching a pair of centerline gauges to our digital caliper, we take the necessary measurements. The first hole is .980 inches from the muzzle, so we move our mill table over that distance and spot the hole with a center drill.
Spotting the hole is important, since we are drilling on a curved surface and we don't want the drill to walk off the center line. After spotting the hole, we change to a #33 drill and run it straight down through the slide. Then we install a tap guide in the chuck and tap the hole by hand for 6-40 threads.
Drilling and tapping before we move the table insures everything is in perfect alignment. Now we move the table over 1.775 inches for the second hole and repeat the same procedure. The third hole is 2.350 inches from the second one and deeper. We drill down through the thick part of the slide into the firing pin tunnel and stop.
The fourth and last hole is .900 inches behind the third one. After all four holes are drilled and tapped, check the firing pin tunnel for burrs and clean it up with a chainsaw file as necessary. We don't want burrs inside the tunnel interfering with the firing pin.
Test fit the rail. If everything looks good degrease the tapped holes and the top of the slide. I use Shooter's Choice Quick Scrub III as a general degreaser. The screws should also be degreased, and I keep a glass jar of lacquer thinner on the bench for this purpose. Drop them in the jar and fish them out with a magnet a few minutes later completely degreased.
Now we apply a few drops of Loctite 620 retaining compound to the top of the slide as extra insurance it won't come loose and screw down the rail with the four screws which are each treated with a drop of Loctite 262 threadlocker.
With everything tightened down we let the adhesives set up and mount our Ultradot red dot sight, confident our mounting system is secure. Keep in mind a slide-mounted rail is intended for light target loads (semi-wadcutters), not factory hardball. If you are running full power loads with a scope, a frame mount would be recommended. Also remember you have increased slide mass quite a bit by adding a scope so a reduced power recoil spring will be needed for proper function with light loads.
Springfield Armory 1911
This Springfield Armory 1911 has been modified for NRA bullseye competition with a slide rail and red dot sight. This is a typical configuration for the sport.
The Clark Rail
The Clark rail as purchased from Brownells
includes four 6-40 socket head cap screws and an Allen wrench. What it doesn't include is a drawing, so measuring is needed.
These centerline gauges attach directly to the jaws of any caliper and allow easy center-to-center measurement of holes. The cone-shaped points keep them centered in the holes.
Measure Before Drilling
Centerline gauges at work. The holes are 1.4 inches apart. A precise measurement here lets you lay out the holes drilled in the slide for perfect fit of the rail.
Positioning the Drill
Center the spindle over the muzzle end of the slide with an edge finder and zero the X and Y axis.
Driling the First Hole
Then use a center drill to start the first hole .980 inches back from the muzzle.
Drill the first hole with a No. 33 drill.
Tapping the Hole
Without changing the setup, tap the hole for 6-40 thread with the aid of a tap guide mounted in the drill chuck.
Apply Loctite 620 to the slide under the rail for extra insurance against loosening. Use plenty of thread locker on the screws as well, to prevent loosening as the pistol is fired.