Building a Heavy AR-15 Varmint Upper Part 2: Barrel Assembly

Building a Heavy AR-15 Varmint Upper Part 2: Barrel Assembly

In the first part of this article we gathered a pile of cool parts and now it's time to start assembly. Assembling an AR is usually a piece of cake requiring no gunsmithing to speak of. This project will go slightly beyond mere assembly but is certainly doable without a lot of special tooling.

The first step in assembly is test fitting the barrel extension to the upper receiver. Ideally we want a press fit between these two components in enhanced accuracy guns. If the barrel drops into the receiver easily with a loose fit, it can be shimmed and/or glued.

In this case, the bore of the upper receiver measured .9988 inches and the barrel extension measured .9984 inches. Less than half a thousandth of an inch difference. The barrel seated with a light tap from a plastic hammer. We were lucky. Sometimes I will test fit several uppers to a barrel to find the closest match. A good fit enhances rigidity and accuracy.

Our next problem was the barrel nut. It didn­'t fit over the fat barrel. Remember we are using the EGW float tube, and the I.D. of the nut was 1.022 inches, which would normally fit most barrels but our special Rock River heavy varmint barrel is 1.051 inches.


The nut was set up in a lathe and a boring bar was used to carefully remove .040 inches of material. It fit perfectly. A drop of oil was applied to the receiver threads and the nut was tightened and loosened several times to seat the threads. Final tightening was accomplished with a PRI barrel nut wrench (Brownells 714-000-007) and a breaker bar.


The hole in the nut that the gas tube will pass through must be in perfect alignment with the hole in the upper receiver so the tube free floats. We check alignment with a #15 drill bit inserted into the gas key.

Slide the bolt carrier into the upper receiver, letting the drill bit pass through the gas tube hole. If the drill binds or doesn­'t pass through the hole, the position of the nut must be tweaked left or right until it does.

The next assembly step is the gas block. The gas block mounting surface of the barrel measures .936 inches and the inside diameter of our Troy low profile gas block is the same. By polishing the inside of the block with a flapper wheel in an electric drill, we loosened the fit slightly so it would just slide on to the barrel without beating it into position.

How are we going to index the block to the gas port? Some barrels provide a dimple 180 degrees from the gas port for indexing. Rock River didn't bother.


To create our own dimple, we first need to measure the distance from the barrel shoulder to the center of the gas port. I checked the port size with gauge pins and found it is .086 inches, so we can use the gauge pin or a #44 drill in the hole.

We measured with calipers from the barrel shoulder to the pin, added half the pin diameter and the final number (.288 inches) is the distance from the shoulder to the center of the port.

The barreled receiver is leveled upside down in the mill vise and the drill chuck is centered over the barrel and the barrel shoulder with an edge finder. A center drill is mounted in the chuck and we move the table over .288 inches and make a dimple.


The port in the gas block is almost twice the size of the barrel port, so a slight misalignment won­'t affect function. You could probably eyeball the location and get it close. I like them centered if possible.

Now the gas tube is installed in the block with the roll pin, the inside of the gas block and the gas block seat on the barrel are degreased and Loctite 620 Sleeve Retainer is applied to the barrel, leaving a gap around the port. We don't want to block the port.

Slide the gas block into place with a twisting motion to spread the Loctite and install the set screw through the bottom of the block into the dimple. The screw is really only used to locate the block correctly and the Loctite 620 will retain it. Release temperature for the Loctite is 450 degrees Fahrenheit and I don't see our heavy barrel ever getting anywhere close to that hot.

Stay tuned for part 3 of this series of articles on building a heavy varmint upper.

The barrel extension should be a press fit to the upper receiver on accuracy rifles. If it\'s sloppy, Norcross says to shim or glue it in position.
Apply a drop of oil to the upper receiver threads and tighten the barrel nut by hand until it stops. The lubricant is important to keep from galling the threads.
The nut is torqued down with the PRI wrench and a breaker bar. The wrench supports the nut at several points to ensure damage-free tightening with hand tools.
Use a #15 drill in the bolt carrier gas key to check proper alignment of the gas tube. If the tube is contacting the nut, you\'ll need to tweak it a bit.
Slide the carrier forward until the #15 drill pokes through the barrel nut. If the nut is misaligned, tweak it with the wrench until the drill slides freely.
The barrel needed to be dimpled for gas block alignment. Norcross says the Loctite does the holding; the set screw just prevents the block from twisting.
Because the inside diameter of the gas block and outside diameter of the barrel were almost the same, the block had to be polished internally so it would fit.
The gas block set screw is tightened into the dimple Norcross drilled into the barrel to ensure alignment with the gas port. There\'s no need to over-tighten.
The Troy low profile gas block fits nicely and looks sharp. Norcross needed a low block to fit under the handguard he was planning to use on the rifle.

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.

Recommended Articles

See More Recommendations

Popular Videos

Performance Center M&P Shield M2.0

Performance Center M&P Shield M2.0

From Smith & Wesson, the M&P Shield M2.0 is a great option for a carry gun with optics option.

Kyle Lamb and Eric Poole talk SIG pistols

Kyle Lamb and Eric Poole talk SIG pistols

G&A Editor Eric Poole and Viking Tacticals's Kyle Lamb talks about 2 new pistols from SIG Sauer and a Lipsey's Special of the P365.

New addition to the Browning X-Bolt rifle series

New addition to the Browning X-Bolt rifle series

New for 2019 is the Max Long Range model featuring a composite Max stock with fully adjustable comb, spacers for adjusting length of pull, stainless fluted heavy sporter barrel, threaded muzzle brake and extended bolt handle.

New handguns from Smith & Wesson

New handguns from Smith & Wesson

The Performance Center's M&P380 Shield EZ pistol features ported barrel, flat face trigger and tuned action.

See More Popular Videos

Trending Articles

No one can restore receptivity to another Trump term with these disaffected gun owners but the president himself. 2nd Amendment

2020 is Trump's to Blow with Gun Owners

David Codrea - July 09, 2019

No one can restore receptivity to another Trump term with these disaffected gun owners but the...

CRKT makes 17 different knife models exclusively for Ruger, from fixed hunting knives to tactical folders, and many of their models are offered in several different styles. Accessories

Ruger CRKT Knives Review

James Tarr - July 08, 2019

CRKT makes 17 different knife models exclusively for Ruger, from fixed hunting knives to...

A $50 Ring Loc-Kit gives AirForce Condor airgunners unparalleled power and accuracy. Air Guns

AirForce Airguns Condor Ring-Loc Kit Review

Tom Gaylord - May 29, 2019

A $50 Ring Loc-Kit gives AirForce Condor airgunners unparalleled power and accuracy.

The last of Germany's infamous Elefant tank destroyers. Historical

World War II German Elefant Tank Destroyers

Neal S Shera - July 12, 2019

The last of Germany's infamous Elefant tank destroyers.

See More Trending Articles

More Gunsmithing

Melonite is very resistant to corrosion and is claimed to be a better treatment then hard chrome. Gunsmithing

Sarco Melonite Finished M4 Barrels

SGN Online Editors - April 30, 2014

Melonite is very resistant to corrosion and is claimed to be a better treatment then hard...

Lone Wolf Distributors are now offering the Advantage Arms .22 Conversion Kit for Glock pistols. Gunsmithing

Lone Wolf Advantage Arms .22 Conversion Kit

SGN Online Editors - April 16, 2014

Lone Wolf Distributors are now offering the Advantage Arms .22 Conversion Kit for Glock...

AGI's new Certified Glocksmith Course includes Complete Disassembly & Reassembly, the GLOCK Gunsmithing

AGI Glocksmith Course

SGN Online Editors - April 09, 2014

AGI's new Certified Glocksmith Course includes Complete Disassembly & Reassembly, the...

There was a time (a couple decades ago) when most 1911 front sights were staked in place as John Gunsmithing

How to Stake a Trijicon 1911 Front Sight

Gus Norcross - May 29, 2014

There was a time (a couple decades ago) when most 1911 front sights were staked in place as...

See More Gunsmithing

GET THE MAGAZINE Subscribe & Save

Temporary Price Reduction.

SUBSCRIBE NOW

Give a Gift   |   Subscriber Services

PREVIEW OUR CURRENT ISSUE

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.