May 08, 2013
The project that was to result in the Colt Commander commenced almost 65 years ago in a U.S. government post-World-War-II-era trial to replace the M1911 Government Model with a lighter pistol that would be issued to officers.
The requirements were a chambering in cal. 9x19mm Parabellum, a length not to exceed 7 inches and a weight of not more than 25 ounces. Trial specimens included the Browning Hi Power from both Inglis in Canada and Fabrique Nationale in Liege, Belgium, and Smith & Wesson's new Model 39.
Colt's entry was a highly modified M1911 chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum round with a barrel shortened from 5 to 4.25 inches and a 9-round magazine. Early in 1948, Colt, in developmental work for lightweight, heavy-caliber handguns, decided to investigate a frame made of aluminum alloy rather than from the then conventional alloy-steel forgings.
Together with the Aluminum Corporation of America (Alcoa), forgings were made from high-tensile strength aluminum alloy and designated as "Coltalloy" These forgings were delivered to Colt's frame machining department, where more than 140 machining operations were performed on them. The result was a half-dozen .45 ACP pistol frames that were unbelievably lightweight for the time. They were assembled into pistols chambered for 9x19mm Parabellum, .38 Super, and .45 ACP cartridges.
The slide of this pistol was fabricated from forged gun steel as previously, but was shortened from 7.375 inches to 6.625 inches and the barrel was shortened from 5 inches to 4.25 inches. A ring-type hammer, in the configuration of that found on the Mauser Broomhandle, was added, numerous internal modifications were made and the sights altered to conform to the new barrel length.
The weight, with an empty magazine, was approximately 26.5 ounces compared to about 40 ounces for the all-steel M1911 Government Model, a weight reduction of almost 35 percent. An anodizing process was used to produce a "blued" finish on the frame. Plans were initially also made for chamberings in .30 Luger and .380 ACP.
Unsurprisingly, absolutely nothing came of the U.S. government trials. But, Colt's "Commander" appeared on their 1950 price list and was an immediate success. In 1970, an all-steel version appeared as the "Combat Commander" in the three original calibers and with both blued and nickel-plated finishes. Total production through 1970 was already in excess of 70,000. The Commander-style configuration remains quite popular to this day and a substantial number of the many manufacturers producing M1911-type pistols feature models in this size, with either lightweight or all-steel frames.
A year ago, Sturm, Ruger & Company startled the firearms industry with their much-anticipated introduction of an M1911-type handgun, loaded with desirable features and priced right. It has been an incredible success, and deservedly so. And, most recently Ruger announced a Commander-style version of the SR1911. Like its predecessor, reception of the new Ruger SR1911 CMD has been phenomenal and sales have been astounding. Let's see why.
The manufacturer's suggested retail price of the Ruger SR1911 CMD is an incredible $829, complete with two 7-round magazines, an attractive black nylon zipper case, the now mandatory (but usually quite unused) trigger lock, black polymer bushing wrench and instruction manual. No other M1911 Government Model pistol with the features and quality of manufacture the Ruger SR1911 CMD has come close to it in price. As a consequence, the demand is quite high and they are selling literally just as fast as they hit the dealers' display cases.
Shotgun News recently received a Ruger SR1911 CMD for test and evaluation, and it's impressive at many levels. The overall configuration is that of a traditional so-called "Commander" version of the M1911. With an empty magazine, the all-steel Ruger SR1911 CMD weighs 36.4 ounces (1.03 kg). The width, at the grip panels, is 1.34 inches (34mm), with an overall length of 7.75 inches (196.85mm) and an approximate height of 5.45 inches (138.43mm), measured 90 degrees to the barrel's axis and with the 7-round magazine inserted. So far, this is all rather conventional.
The 4.25-inch (107.95mm) SR1911 barrel is made of 400-series stainless steel, which is through hardened, features 6-groove, broached rifling and a 1:16 right-hand twist. Ruger's manufacture of the barrel and barrel bushing is quite unique, because both components are machined at the same time from the same piece of bar stock.
Ruger finds that they can honestly say that this provides consistent accuracy. Furthermore, when these components are machined separately, they frequently will require a small amount of hand fitting. Hand fitting parts to ultra-close tolerances produces tight and accurate pistols, but adds considerably to the cost of manufacture.
And, finally, in Ruger's "Lean Manufacturing" environment (see below), the ultimate goal is to create a "one-piece flow," i.e., building the components for, and then assembling one pistol at a time. When a mistake is uncovered, it's corrected immediately and in an ideal Lean Manufacturing system there is zero work in process behind that pistol.
Thus, producing one barrel and one bushing at a time off the same CNC machine is a perfect example of the Lean mindset and it ensures that both parts are always built within a defined and complimentary set of parameters.
The frame is an investment casting from 415 stainless steel. The slide was CNC machined from 415 stainless steel bar stock, as there was no cost advantage to investment casting this component.
The slide and frame have a satin stainless steel finish. The front and rear sights, slide stop lever, thumb safety, magazine catch/release, top and bottom sides of the Commander-style hammer, mainspring housing, and the beavertail grip safety have a black oxide finish.
The right and left sides of the slide have eight cocking serrations each at the rear. There are no front cocking serrations, which are, in any event, used only for "press checking" a pistol. In a manner now more or less standard with custom tactical M1911 pistols, the ejection port has been lowered and flared to enhance reliability. The left side of the slide is marked "Ruger Made in USA", while the right side carries the new Ruger logo.
The original logo, designed by Ruger's partner, Alex Sturm (who it is claimed was an authority on heraldry) was a Prussian imperial eagle, slightly redesigned in the style of a phoenix and carrying the letters "S" and "R," for Sturm and Ruger respectively. The logo was originally in red, but after Sturm's untimely death it was changed to black (except for a special anniversary model of the .22 pistol). Quite recently, the "S" was dropped from the logo.
The Ruger SR1911 CMD's high-profile fixed sights are dovetailed to slots in the slide and can be adjusted for windage zero, if necessary. The sight radius is 5.75 inches (146.05mm). The slightly front-tapered, blade-type front sight has a single white dot with an unusual short step on each side, as the front portion of the blade measures .115" and .125" at the rear. The rear sight, (marked "Novak's") is a Novak Lo-Mount-type, which was developed and made popular by the famous and highly regarded Wayne Novak of Parkersburg, W. Va.
Retained to the slide by an Allen-head set screw, there is a white dot on each side of the open square notch, which is .140" in width.
Moving to the frame, we find the right side marked "Prescott AZ Ruger SR1911" and the serial number. A standard-configuration, black oxide, slide stop lever has been installed on the left side and an extended, tactical-type thumb safety (also finished in black oxide) is also on the left side only.
However, it appears that the SR1911 CMD will accept a substantial number of aftermarket M1911 components and Brownells stocks almost a dozen different makes of ambidextrous thumb safeties.
The checkered magazine catch/release is a high profile, tactical type. The beavertail steel grip safety has a slight bump on the bottom to insure that it is disconnected even if not depressed completely. It entirely cups the hammer to prevent "hammer bite" and permit as high a grip as possible.
The flat mainspring housing is made of steel, not polymer as some are, and carries very attractive checkering of 25 lines per inch (lpi). The front strap is uncheckered. The magazine well has been beveled to ease insertion of magazines, which should always be done with the operator's eyes downrange on the anticipated threat.
The rosewood grip panels are checkered with a classic double diamond pattern and the new Ruger logo. Rosewood refers to a substantial number of richly hued woods, most often dark reddish brown. Rosewoods are strong and heavy and thus ideal for handgun grip panels. All genuine Rosewoods belong to the genus Dalbergia. Each grip panel is held to the frame by two steel hex head screws, another small, but very nice touch found on this exceptional pistol.
The two stainless steel seven-round magazines provided are in the configuration of the original M1911 magazine; they have five unnumbered indicator holes on each side — from the third to seventh round. This magazine has a long, single coil follower spring (with some smaller diameter coils at the top) that was designed to give sufficient stripping pressure for totally reliable operation and a fixed floorplate that cannot be removed.
This type of magazine can only be disassembled by depressing the floorplate and then running a pin or narrow drift through one set of indicator holes to keep the follower spring depressed. Then shake out the follower and subsequently remove the drift or pin holding down the follower spring and pull it out the top of the magazine. The magazines carry the Ruger escutcheon and "45 ACP Made in USA" on the left side of the body.
The silver anodized, aluminum alloy, skeletonized trigger is equipped with an adjustable overtravel stop. The trigger face has vertical serrations. The trigger pull weight of our test specimen was a consistent and clean 3.75 pounds, as measured with dead weights.
The method of operation as designed by John M. Browning is well known to almost all handgun enthusiasts and remains the same on the SR1911 CMD. Locked-breech, short recoil-operated; the barrel and slide are locked together by two ribs on the top of the barrel at the chamber end, which engage two recesses in the underside of the slide. Securely locked together during the moment of high chamber pressure, the barrel and slide travel rearward a short distance still firmly mated to each other.
During recoil, the barrel swings backward on its link, which is attached to the frame by the slide stop pin passing through it. As rearward travel continues, the barrel is forced downward and away from the slide. The barrel's rearward travel ceases when it strikes its stop in the frame, while the slide continues backward to complete extraction and ejection of the empty case before rebounding, by means of the recoil spring, to strip and chamber another round from the magazine.
Lean Manufacturing, Just-In-Time, and Kanban at Ruger
Things have changed dramatically since I first visited the Ruger facility in Prescott, Ariz., almost a quarter of a century ago. The Ruger SR1911 CMD pistol is manufactured using methodologies quite different from those used to produce Ruger's first center-fire, semi-automatic pistol, the P85. A few years ago, Ruger Group Vice President and Prescott plant manager, Mark T. Lang, instituted radically new production procedures. "Lean Manufacturing," sometimes referred to as simply "Lean," is a production practice that considers the expenditure of resources and efforts for any purpose other than the creation of value for the consumer to be wasteful, and thus a target for elimination. The concept is centered on creating more product value for less work. It was derived mostly from the Toyota Production System, but actually had its origins with Ford.
Another aspect of Lean Manufacturing is an emphasis on improving the smoothness of work flow and this often involves the implementation of "Kanban," which simply put is a system to initiate action, usually using inventory cards to signal the need for a component. Kanban is in turn used to implement "Just-in-time," which is an inventory strategy that reduces in-process inventory and associated carrying costs. At the Prescott facility, with all these techniques now in play, the inventory went from 10 months to two months, with an eventual goal of one month.
The components used to manufacture the Ruger SR1911 CMD pistol are divided into three categories. The "A" list consists of 20 percent of the parts numbers representing 80 percent of the dollar volume. The "B" list comprises 15 percent of the parts numbers representing 15 percent of the dollar volume. The "C" list consists of 65 percent of the parts numbers and 5 percent of the dollar volume. Examples of components on the "A" list would be the slides and frames. Items on the "C" list would include roll pins and small springs.
Perhaps surprisingly, computers are not used in the Lean Manufacturing process at Ruger. The control of inventory and its acquisition and flow are by means of parts bins and tags and visual inspection and counting. The production employees themselves are an integral part of the process. The concept has proven to be successful and is being initiated at all of Ruger's production facilities.
The pistol is made of 415 stainless steel: investment cast for the frame and CNC
machined for the slide — there's no cost advantage in investment casting it.
The Ruger SR1911 CMD (bottom) and full-size SR1911 are classic locked-breech designs chambered for America's most popular handgun cartridge, the .45 ACP.
The front and rear sights, slide stop lever, thumb safety, magazine catch, mainspring housing, and beavertail grip safety have a black oxide finish.
The flat mainspring housing is made of steel, not polymer as some competitors are, and carries very attractive checkering of 25 lines per inch.
The silver anodized, aluminum alloy, skeletonized trigger is equipped with an adjustable over-travel stop. The trigger face has vertical serrations.
The rosewood grip panels are checkered with a classic double diamond pattern and the new Ruger logo that changes the original SR to an R alone.
The firing pin, firing pin stop, firing pin spring and extractor are all those of the original and reliable M1911 design, now more than 100 years old.
In a manner now more or less standard with custom tactical M1911 pistols, the ejection port has been lowered and flared to enhance the gun's reliability.
The front and rear sights have white dots. The rear sight is a Novak Lo-Mount-type, which has become the default selection for defensive autoloaders.
Ruger manufactures the barrel and barrel bushing from the same piece of bar stock for very close fit between the two parts and consistent accuracy.
The two stainless steel seven-round magazines provided with the SR1911 are in the configuration of the original M1911 magazine with the fixed floorplate.
Insert the Perry disassembly tool's rod into the barrel and align it with the bushing. Press the tool down and rotate the tool and the bushing clockwise.
Ruger's SR1911 CMD follows John Browning's original design quite closely and disassembly procedures are conventional in every regard.
Galco holsters suited to Ruger SR1911 CMDs include, the Avenger, Concealable Magazine Carrier, Yaqui Slide and Single Magazine Case.
Holsters for Commander-Style Pistols
It's not hard to find holsters for Ruger's SR1911 CMD, as it's a standard-configuration Commander version of the M1911 with the usual 4.25-inch barrel. The problem is finding holsters that match Ruger's pistol in both quality and price. Only one holster maker meets that dual challenge: Galco International. Galco was founded by Richard N. Gallagher in 1969 as a small family business in Chicago, Ill., and specialized in holsters constructed of horsehide. They very shortly built up a considerable clientele in law enforcement circles. Galco obtained worldwide notoriety when Don Johnson chose to wear the Jackass shoulder rig in the popular TV series Miami Vice. Now known as the Miami Classic, this shoulder holster design continues to be the most famous, recognizable and imitated holster of this type ever made. Galco holsters continue to be featured in numerous Hollywood movies. However, far more important, U.S. military and both federal and local law enforcement agencies have come to depend on Galco leather products.
I selected three different Galco holsters to use during our test and evaluation of the Ruger SR1911 CMD. Many self-anointed authorities ridicule shoulder holsters, but that doesn't seem to prevent thousands of very real law enforcement professionals from wearing them on a daily basis. Shoulder holsters are not only very concealable, but provide a very efficient cross draw with its many advantages and also remove the weight of a heavy pistol and its spare magazines from around the waist.
No one is more famous for its shoulder rigs than Galco, and their Miami Classic II combines proven features from earlier Galco shoulder holsters with some valuable innovations. The handgun itself is retained in a horizontal position, which provides an exceptionally rapid draw stroke.
Galco's trademark spider harness with a Flexalon swivel backplate and medium-width shoulder straps distribute the weight equally across the shoulders for all-day comfort, while remaining totally concealable. I also selected the standard double magazine pouch, which holds the magazines in a vertical position. Available in either tan or black, the Miami Classic II sells for $194.95.
Military personnel would be better served with one of Galco's belt holsters, as a shoulder rig with horizontal positioning of the muzzle is not desirable in a military environment and the excellent VHS Shoulder System, which features vertical positioning is not available for M1911 pistols with Commander length barrels.
I personally prefer belt holsters with a vertical configuration and no cant of any kind, as they can also be used for a crossdraw presentation if desired. Galco's Avenger Belt Holster, my personal all-time favorite rig with just about any handgun, in any scenario, will do an excellent job of turning a Commander configuration M1911 into an effective undercover pistol.
The Avenger has a completely vertical orientation and can, therefore, be worn as a crossdraw holster by those who don't want to "telegraph" the commencement of the drawstroke, which is especially important in crowded, urban environments. This holster provides full combat grip accessibility for rapid initiation of the five-count drawstroke. Reinforcement in the "mouth" area of the holster allows an operator to re-holster while watching downrange at the anticipated threat.
It has a tension screw for fine-tuning the holster's retention ability. Constructed of premium saddle leather in either tan or black, it accepts belts up to 1¾-inch wide and costs $91.95.
The most abbreviated strip of cowhide you can stuff an M1911 into is, without doubt the Yaqui Slide model. It was one of Jeff Cooper's favorites. This minimalist design combined with its almost vertical carry angle results in an exceptional fast drawstroke. The belt channel on this holster has an oval-shaped cutout that permits securing the holster on a pant belt loop to inhibit shifting of the holster. Many holster makers feature
Yaqui-slide-type holsters. However, in 1992 Galco took the concept an important step farther, when they added a set of independent tension screw adjustments for a custom fit and micro-adjustment of the drawstroke.
I chose tan (also available in black) for this and several other Galco holsters for no other reason than purposes of photography, as it blends nicely with the stainless steel finish of the Ruger SR1911 CMD. Built from premium-grade saddle leather, the open-muzzle Yaqui Slide will accommodate a substantial number of M1911 models and sizes. It sells for only $64.95.
Unless you're on your way to a handgun course at Gunsite or Thunder Ranch or marching off to war, a single magazine pouch is sufficient for most concealed carry scenarios. Galco makes two exceptionally nice single magazine cases. The Concealable Magazine Carrier features an ambidextrous design and is constructed of premium saddle leather. The Concealable Magazine Carrier accommodates belts up to 1¾ inches in width and is available in tan, black or Havana brown. It costs $49.95. The other option is the Single Magazine Case, which has a one-way snap on back that fastens securely to the belt. This is an ambidextrous pouch, constructed of premium saddle leather with a tension screw for a custom fit. It will fit belts up to 1¾ inches in width and is available in a tan or black finish. It sells for $38.95.
Leather maintenance is made easier with Galco's "Draw-EZ," a silicon-based holster lubricant designed to significantly reduce a holster or magazine pouch's retention qualities. It works and it sure beats the 500 drawstrokes that I have had to use in the past to reduce over-retention on molded holsters and magazine pouches. A half-ounce bottle costs $9.95 and will last longer than you will, as only a few drops are usually required.
Another leather care product that I can recommend is Galco's Leather Lotion, a leather cleaner and conditioner. A four-ounce bottle costs only $5.95. The holsters you stuff your expensive handgun in deserve the same degree of maintenance and care as the pistol itself.
One of the most neglected components in a handgun carrying system is the belt. I believe in using as wide a belt as your pant loops will accommodate, especially so when carrying heavy, large-frame pistols like the M1911. Wide leather gun belts distribute the weight of the handgun more evenly on the hip and significantly reduce fatigue when operators carry the weapon on a daily basis throughout the entire day. For that reason, whenever possible, I hold my pants up with a Galco SB2 1½-inch belt in an appropriate color. This heavy, lined gun belt is made from premium-grade saddle leather and includes a solid brass buckle. It costs $82.95.
SureFire's 2211 WristLight
Since they introduced their first flashlight in 1985, SureFire has come to totally dominate the field of combat flashlights.
Their new 2211 High-Output LED WristLight is a perfect example of the kind of innovation that has helped elevate SureFire to the very top of this very specialized arena. Developed with input from active-duty law enforcement personnel, the ambidextrous 2211 WristLight straps securely to the firearm support-hand wrist and makes use of a virtually indestructible high-performance LED and a highly specialized optic to project 180 lumens of wide, brilliant light by pressing either of two ergonomic switches. In CQB scenarios, this is more than enough light to either overwhelm a perpetrator or correctly identify and assess threats to make the informed decisions required by police.
Because an LED flashlight emits light from only one bandwidth of the visible color spectrum, it appears to project a somewhat bluish light that is softer and less harsh than that generated by a xenon bulb. Coating a blue LED with a yellow phosphor creates the illusion of white light but with a distinctive bluish cast.
In addition, LED flashlights provide longer battery life than incandescent light sources because they are more efficient with regard to lumens per watt. Thus equivalent amounts of light are produced with less energy. Further, a number of SureFire's LED flashlights are run at lower than maximum levels and that also decreases the energy consumption. SureFire is committed to the LED concept and more and more lights in their product line feature this type of illumination.
The 2211 is constructed of lightweight hard-anodized aerospace aluminum alloy and includes an adjustable nylon band that is not only durable, but holds the WristLight securely in place. It's powered by a rechargeable lithium-ion battery with a built-in LED "fuel gauge" that informs the user when it's time to recharge, which is accomplished simply by the use of an included USB cable. Selling for $495, the SureFire 2211 WristLight was designed for hands-free, tactical-level illumination that serves as a handgun light when deploying in a normal firing stance from the Weaver position.
While the bushing wrench supplied with the pistol will do, I cannot tell you how many times I have watched the recoil spring and the recoil spring plug sail into the sunset when I was field-stripping an M1911 pistol. This problem has been solved once and for all by the Perry Disassembly Tool designed and manufactured by Perry Competition, Inc.
Simply insert the tool's rod into the barrel and align the tool with the barrel bushing. Press the tool down on the recoil spring plug and rotate the tool and the barrel bushing clockwise for approximately a quarter turn; all the while holding the tool firmly down toward the barrel during the rotation. Slowly pull the tool away and the recoil spring and recoil spring plug will come forward, under control, and can then be completely withdrawn from the pistol.
Use the tool to rotate the barrel bushing counterclockwise to withdraw it from the slide. Use the tool again to reassemble the barrel bushing, recoil spring and recoil spring plug. You can also attach an assortment of cleaning tips to the tool's rod. The tool fits both commercial and military-style M1911 barrel bushings.
It costs $30, plus $5 for shipping and handling. It's the best M1911 disassembly tool I have ever used. A new version of this amazing tool is now available. Just $5 more, the new model has a deeper counterbore to clear the barrel and you can select either end of the tool for an "Officer" style or "Commander" style barrel bushing, in addition to standard "Government Model" type bushings. We keep a Perry Disassembly Tool in our armorer's toolbox at all times. It has my highest possible recommendation.
Test and Evaluation
Our test and evaluation of the Ruger SR1911 CMD was conducted using ammunition provided by Hornady. We used Hornady's TAP (Tactical Application Police) — both the 230-grain JHP (Jacketed Hollow Point) TAP FPD (For Personal Defense) load and the 200-grain JHP/XTP load. Muzzle velocity of the 230-grain bullet is 950 fps and this is +P ammunition. Muzzle velocity of the 200-grain projectile is 900 fps.
Both of these bullets will penetrate approximately 13 inches in a proper tissue simulant. Hornady uses a 10-percent solution of ordnance gelatin (Type 250 A) as originally formulated by Dr. Martin L. Fackler at the U.S. Army's Wound Ballistics Lab, Presidio of San Francisco. This reproduces the penetration depth measured in living-swine leg muscle when used at 39 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius).
Penetration is, without doubt, the most important single parameter in measuring the wound ballistics performance of small arms ammunition. The bullet must penetrate deeply enough to crush, cut and break through the human body's vital structures and organs. The current consensus is that the capacity to penetrate up to 18 inches of soft tissue is desirable and that any bullet not capable of penetrating at least 12 inches is not acceptable. Once we've obtained the required penetration, the bullet that makes the biggest hole will do the most damage. And that, plain and simple, is the reason I carry a .45 ACP caliber pistol every day. More and more military and law enforcement personnel agree and pistols in this caliber remain in great demand in Afghanistan among Coalition forces. I also prefer the 230-grain hollow point as it makes the biggest hole.
Our test and evaluation of the Ruger SR1911 CMD resulted in no surprises. I have fired several hundred rounds through this pistol. There have been no malfunctions of any kind. At 7 yards, the distance under which the majority of gunfights with a handgun take place, and firing offhand from a strong Weaver position, the Ruger SR1911 CMD will place all rounds into a 1.5-inch group. That's more than good enough for government work.